Tag Archive | "Police"

Government to apologise to Alder family over police custody death


Original Article – Guardian

  • Maya Wolfe-Robinson and Owen Bowcott
  • The Guardian, 
Christopher Alder

Christopher Alder

The British Government will formally apologise through the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) to the family of Christopher Alder, a black british ex-soldier who choked to death in handcuffs on the floor of a Hull Police Station 13 years ago.

The “unilateral declaration” made by the United Kingdom to the court is a highly unusual admission of widespread failures in the investigation into the cause of the Falklands veteran’s death.

In its statement to the E.C.H.R, the Government will concede that it breached its obligations in regard to preserving life and ensuring that no one is subjected to inhuman or degrading treatment. The Alder family is to receive €34,000 (£29,000) from the Government in an ex gratia payment and to cover legal costs.

The unusual step of issuing a statement of that sort is a form of settlement and invites the court to strike out the case. The Government had fought not to have the case heard in Strasbourg, before lodging an official statement and apology to the Alder family. Its apology is on behalf of Humberside police.

The text of the apology states:
“The Government of the United Kingdom regrets the occurrence of the actions which have led to the bringing of the present application, in particular the treatment in custody of the applicant’s brother, Mr Christopher Alder, and the anguish that this treatment and his death have caused to his family.”

“The Government accepts that the lack of an effective and independent investigation in this case constitutes a violation of the procedural obligations in articles 2 and 3 of the convention. Further, the government accept that the treatment that the applicant’s brother received in police custody amounted to a substantive violation of article 3 with 14 of the Convention.”

Earlier this month it emerged that Alder’s body had mistakenly been left in a mortuary for 11 years after his family believed they had buried him.

His death in April 1998 was one of the most controversial in police custody. Closed-circuit TV footage was recovered showing the 37-year-old father-of-two gasping for air as officers chatted and joked around him. The film showed he received no help from five police officers, who thought he was play acting, as he lost his fight for life. It took 11 minutes for him to stop breathing. Afterwards, as Alder lay dead, monkey-like noises were detected on the audio tape.

After an inquest lasting seven weeks, a jury returned a verdict of unlawful killing, citing “positional asphyxia”. Five police officers were prosecuted for manslaughter but the trial was halted when the judge ruled there was no evidence for a conviction. They were later cleared by a police disciplinary hearing of neglect of duty.

Janet Alder, the dead man’s sister, said: “It has taken 13 years to break through what I see as a reluctance of the organisations dealing with controversial custody deaths to hold police officers accountable, or to believe or consider whether police officers could be capable of severe maltreatment of citizens within their custody.”

“Why or where did Christopher sustain the additional injuries he suffered? Why was another of his teeth missing? Where was his belt? These concerns have never been investigated or addressed.

“It has taken bringing an action in the European court of human rights – and judges there unanimously acknowledging my complaints were admissible after watching the horrific video of Christopher’s death – to force the government to apologise for failing to hold the officers responsible accountable.

“It wasn’t hard to see that my brother – an ex-paratrooper decorated for his services – was denied his right to life; that his treatment was inhuman and degrading and that race played a part in his death.”

Welcoming the UK’s declaration, the human rights organisation Liberty, which has supported Janet Alder, said: “The government’s unprecedented apology and admission of blatant violations of fundamental human rights are hugely significant and certainly not before time.

Corinna Ferguson, the legal officer for Liberty, added: “More than 13 years on still no one in the police has been held responsible for Christopher’s shocking death. Proper accountability is vital in these situations and in future the Independent Police Complaints Commission must take stronger, more decisive action where serious human rights violations occur.

“The offence of misconduct in public office is completely inadequate in these circumstances – as demonstrated by the fact that these officers were somehow cleared of it. Sadly admissions and apologies will matter little if such tragic cases keep occurring.”

Posted in Black Britain, Black HistoryComments (0)

Notting Hill and other stories – Part1


Notting Hill Carnival

Notting Hill Carnival

Greetings,

Time seems to have flown by since August last year when we saw images on our tv screens
of our communities again going up in flames after a Black man had died at the hands of the police.
It was a signal reminder of how quickly our memories dim when all the media outlets started
to howl about how shocked they were about these events and the fact that the people
at some of these locations seemed only interested in divesting
the local shops of their high value stock!

The nervous days that followed, not knowing where this fever would move to next,
is now in the hands of the Riot Communities and Victims Panel to investigate and report.
Led by Heather Rabbatts, this ‘Inquiry’ is looking into the causes and motivations of those
roused to do such ‘anti-social things’ and propose so responses. They spent some quality
time with us in Brixton a couple of weeks ago and have now gone on tour to the other affected areas,
istening diligently and asking poignant questions. But I’m sure that we’ve also forgotten the heart
searching discussion that took place among us,‘will there be a Notting Hill Carnival this year?’After a series
of tense meetings between the police and the organisers, the show went on and main stream newspapers representing the
view of middle England, reported in glowing terms about how thisunique festival had brought some balm to the nations very sore wounds.

They don’t have a sense of the history of carnival in general and Notting Hill Carnival
in particular. Nubian Jak, a ubiquitous heritage organisation emanating from within the
African and Caribbean community, had launched this years Carnival with a ceremony unveiling
two plaques to the matriarchs of carnival in the UK.

Firstly, Claudia Jones, who had inspired her organisation to respond to similarly
traumatic times for Black people, after the first Notting Hill Riots, when the white youth
gangs of the late 1950s, had attacked the newly settling community, that was mainly coming from
the Caribbean at that time, first in Nottingham and then in Notting Hill.

These communities initially responded by keeping a low profile and trying not to provoke a
greater violent response by matching fire with fire. The demographics of the places attacked,
were also characterised by people from quiet rural communities in the eastern
Caribbean. My father and other adult relatives, resident here at the time in Brixton and largely
drawn from Jamaica, reported to me later how their hearts bled as they read the reports in the newspapers
and heard the news on the radioabout the racists mobs,incited by demagogues like Sir Oswald Moseley,
continually laying siege to our fellow ‘West Indians’ nightly, in their homes. These were the experiences
that were forging a pan Caribbean mentality as we knew very little of each other before we arrived in Britain,
apart from when the West Indies beat England at cricket! But our solidarity ignited when we saw what was
happening to people who looked and acted like us for being different, so my father and his cohorts
decided to mobilise. Not for them were quietwords and understated gestures. Most of those people,
because women participated in this fightback, as I’ve seen photographs of a woman with a large machete
standing on the corner of Portobello Road waiting for the mob to arrive, armed themselves with similar
implements and set out to ‘The Grove’ to defend their kith and kin.

It was unsurprising that after a few skirmishes and some telling chops in crucial places,
that weren’t reported in the media, the mob decided that it wasn’t such a good idea to ‘attack the Blacks’.
Unfortunately, there would be one more fatal casualty before things finally petered out. Kelso Cochrane, an
Antiguan carpenter, migrant to Britain, trying to improve his economic circumstances, was attacked by a furtive gang, skulking in the shadows of Golbourne Bridge, while he was coming from home from work, late one evening.This solitary figure was set upon with bicycle chains, cut throat razors,truncheons and boots. He didn’t survive the experience andthe Notting Hill community of all kinds,the wider black community, and all good thinking people mourned and turned out in thousands for his funeral and march to his final resting place at Kensal Rise Cemetery. Unlike Roland Adams and Stephen Lawrence forty years later, no one was even identified for the murder.

Mainstream society finally realised that it had colluded too long with the fascism in its midst,
that it had defeated abroad during the 2nd World War. The Fleet Street media led by the Daily Mirror
and the West Indian Gazette, led by Claudia Jones, pleaded for justice and reconciliation. Claudia,
at an editorial board meeting of her paper, proposed, distilled from her Trinidadians roots,
that a Carnival be held to create a lighter and more convivial mood and to show British society another
side to our culture. This first carnival was held indoors as the organisers were not yet confident
enough to take it to the streets but it was televised to the early tv audience who saw for the first time,
something of what we were about. Institutions such as the Cy Grant nightly current affairs calypso, appeared on
BBC TV and fragments of the multi-cultural society started to emerge.

These indoor Carnivals continued until Claudia’s death five years later, when another immigrant,
this time from Eastern Europe,Rhaune Laslett, who was working as a community worker in the Notting Hill community,
decided with her organisation, that an event was needed to bring together the now burgeoning and diversifying
community of ‘The Grove’.They organised a Notting Hill Festival and invited all and sundry to participate and
the Trinidadian and other eastern Caribbean folk now resident there, brought out their pans and themselves
and turned it into a carnival.

The rest is history hence Nubian Jak’s gesture to honour the two women who had
initiated attempts at community reconciliation and cohesion using carnival as the medium.
Now this backdrop is to remind you of the context and role that carnival has played in the UK from the outset
and that it didn’t just do this last August. Unfortunately the police are not sufficiently au fait with this history
and I attach a People’s Account of events last Bank Holiday Monday, brought together by my old friend, Michael La Rose,(PART 2) chair of the George Padmore Institute and carnival veteran, erstwhile leader of the People’s War carnival band,setting the record straight. The authorities have got to get their heads screwed on the proper way round,if they are not to alienate the good citizens of their own society.
Inquiries, inquiries. Plus ca’ change.

D. Thomas
Devon C Thomas
The Griot

 

Tomorrow Read the:

experience of carnival spectators, stall holders , masqueraders and bandleaders at this years
Notting Hill Carnival 2011.

They share their accounts of the 6.30 shut down of music on the carnival route by the police,
policing of the event and the governance of Carnival 2011.

Posted in Black Britain, Black History, Black History Books, Black History Month UK, Black People in Europe, Caribbean HistoryComments (0)

Mangrove 9 – Event


Mangrove Nine

Mangrove Nine

The George Padmore Institute in association with the Black Cultural Archives Invite you to a screening of

Mangrove 9

Directed by Franco Rosso Produced by Franco Rosso & John La Rose (1973)

On Tuesday 8th November at 7.00pm
At the Karibu Education Centre
7 Gresham Road, Brixton SW9 7PH [Nearest under or overground – Brixton]

The screening presents the original full version of this historic documentary.
The film will be introduced by Linton Kwesi Johnson of the GPI and Paul Reid of the BCA, and the film will be followed by a discussion led by Ian Macdonald QC,
leading immigration lawyer and one of the barristers at the trial.

Mangrove Nine tells the story of conflict between the police and the black community in Notting Hill at the start of the 1970s. The central incident of the Mangrove affair took place when a deputation of 150 black people protested against long-term police harassment of the popular Mangrove Restaurant in Ladbroke Grove.The protest – policed by 500 police and a plain clothes police photographer – later led to nine arrests and 29 charges. The nine were Barbara Beese, Rupert Boyce, Frank Critchlow, Rhodan Gordon, Darcus Howe, Anthony Innis, Althea Lecointe Jones, Rothwell Kentish, and Godfrey Millett. The charges ranged from making an affray, incitement to riot, assaulting a policeman, to having an offensive weapon. 22 of the charges against the nine were dismissed including all the serious ones. Only seven minor counts were found proven. The high profile trial at the Old Bailey lasted for two months finishing in December 1971 with five of the defendants being completely acquitted. Most strikingly, the case made legal history when it delivered the first judicial acknowledgement of ‘evidence of racial hatred’ in the Metropolitan police force. The Mangrove Nine film portrays interviews with the defendants recorded before the final verdicts were delivered at the trial, as well as contemporary comments from Ian Macdonald and others.

This event is part of the Dream To Change The World Project, a five year
HLF funded project which began at the George Padmore Institute in June 2010. Its purpose is to make available to the public the personal archives of John La Rose, the GPI’s foundng chairman.

The dvd of Mangrove Nine is available from New Beacon Books price £6.00 (incl p&p)

For more information contact
George Padmore Institute and New Beacon Books, 76 Stroud Green Road, London N4 3EN; 020 7272 8915/4889

http://www: georgepadmoreinstitute.org

http://www.newbeaconbooks.co.uk

email: info @ georgepadmoreinstitute.org; newbeaconbooks @ btconnect.com

Black Cultural Archives, 1 Othello Close, London SE11 4RE; 020 7582 8516 www. bcaheritage.org.uk; email: info @ bcaheritage.org.uk

 

Posted in Black Britain, Black History, Black History Month UK, Black People in Europe, Caribbean HistoryComments (6)

The 1981 Brixton Riots


In the Early 1980’s the tensions of inner City Living and intense policing collided. Rioting erupted in inner city London. This film shows some of the events of the 1981 Brixton riots. Were you there? Do you know anyone who was there who participated in the disturbances?

Related Links:

Posted in African History, Black Britain, Caribbean HistoryComments (0)

Sickle Cell and Deaths in Custody Conference



Registration closes 18 May 2009 - Book now to avoid disappointment!

The Unit for the Social Study of Thalassaemia and Sickle Cell (TASC Unit) at De Montfort University, Leicester is pleased to present this exclusive one-day conference.

The conference examines Sickle Cell Disorders, healthcare neglect in prisons, racism in the criminal justice system and the introduction of specialist custody nursing Sickle Cell and Deaths in Custody dmu.ac.uk/conference/sickle-cell.

Wednesday 10 June 2009 – £130

You will receive a FREE copy of Professor Simon Dyson and Professor Gwyneth Boswell’s new groundbreaking book Sickle Cell and Deaths in Custody (London: Whiting & Birch) worth £50.

Resgistert on-line here

Speakers include

  • Professor Guy Rutty – a member of the British Association in Forensic Medicine, the Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland, British Medical Association (to name a few) and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology.Elise Bethancourt
  • Dr Adebayo Olujohungbe – a consultant haematologist at the University Hospital Aintree NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, Chief Investigator of the Priapism In Sickle Cell Study (PISCES) and Medical Adviser to the Sickle Cell Society.
  • INQUEST – an ‘award winning’ campaigning organisation founded in 1981 providing a specialist comprehensive advice service to bereaved people, lawyers, the media, MPs and the wider public on contentious deaths and their investigation.

If you would like further information please contact Sarah Allen conferences@dmu.ac.uk or call (0116) 250 6215.

Posted in African History, Black Britain, Black People in EuropeComments (0)

Man shot by cop testifies to grand jury


Shot by Police

A Harris County grand jury on Monday heard from 23-year-old Robert Tolan, who was shot in the chest in front of his home by a Bellaire police officer, leading to accusations of racial profiling.

A former minor league ballplayer, Tolan was stopped in front of his home on New Year’s Eve because police believed the vehicle he was driving was stolen. After Tolan protested officers’ treatment of his mother, who had come outside after hearing the disturbance, he was shot by police Sgt. Jeff Cotton.

The vehicle was not stolen and Tolan has said he was shot because of his race. He is black. Tolan’s family and lawyers say he was stopped only because he and his cousin, a passenger, were racially profiled.

Posted in African American History, Black WomenComments (0)

BLACK SCREEN BRITAIN


Tuesday 11.30am March 31st & April 7th 2009 BBC Radio 4 and on BBC i-player for 7 days after broadcast

Black Cinema

Programme 1: Less than 50 years ago a passionate bedroom kiss between a white man and a black woman in a popular television soap opera was the stuff of tabloid headlines. So risque that, in fact, once the news broke, the kiss was cut.

Inter-racial relationships were just one of the many taboos that early black actors had to deal with – as Burt Caesar discovers in the first of two programmes exploring how immigrants from the Caribbean were depicted in British screen drama.? He talks to some of the pioneering generation of black British actors about what it was like to play black characters in the 1950s and 60s, a time when the new Caribbean presence was still a curiosity for audiences in this country.

Programme 2: By the 1970s the prevailing screen images of black people were as muggers and thieves or as the butt of comedians jokes. But, as tensions between young black men and the police escalated in cities across the country, a small number of black writers and film makers started to challenge these stereotypes and tell their own stories. Their task was not easy but, as Burt finds out in this programme, the body of work they created now provides a valuable alternative view of black lives in Britain.


Contributors include
: actors Earl Cameron CBE, Mona Hammond, Cy Grant, Joan Hooley, Rudolph Walker, writer Michael Abbensetts, film makers John Akomfrah OBE,Menelek Shabazz, Alrick Riley, sound recordist Albert Bailey, commentators June Givanni, Dr Jim Pines and Baroness Lola Young.

Please note: Most of the films discussed in this series can be viewed free of charge at the BFI Southbank’s Mediatheque in London or at the Quad in Derby

Mukti Jain Campion

Executive Producer

www.culturewise.org

Tel: 0208 994 6980

Posted in African History, Black Britain, Black People in Europe, Black WomenComments (0)

Was OPD's Treatment of Inner Circle racist?


Revellers at Inner Circle

Revellers at Inner Circle

Last week, Geoffrey Pete–long a well-respected figure in Oakland’s African-American community, and the owner of Geoffrey’s Inner Circle nightclub–held a press conference outside Oakland City Hall to announce he’s considering filing a complaint against the OPD for unlawful harassment.

Pete has previously raised allegations that OPD and former mayor Jerry Brown instituted a crackdown on Oakland’s African-American clubs in the downtown area–which happened to coincide with Brown’s plan to bring 10,000 new residents to the city and a surge of development. On Tuesday, he charged the police with “extortion practices as it relates to the closing of my establishment” and threatened a lawsuit unless mediation occurs.

As reported on the front page of the Oakland Post (both the Chron and the Trib neglected to cover the press conference), Pete claims that OPD gave “false information” to the manager of a parking garage the nightclub used, which led to the cancellation of Pete’s contract, and refused to allow him to hold an event at Sweet’s Ballroom unless 18 police officers were hired to provide security, at a cost of $7,600 (OPD later dropped the number of officers needed to six, which Pete also refused to pay for, and the party was shut down when officers blocked the entrance).

Read the full article>>

Posted in African American HistoryComments (0)

Letter to a young black man


Walter Backstrom | Letter to a young black man
By WALTER BACKSTROM

Bellevue Reporter Columnist
Mar 20 2009, 1:26 PM

Walter Backstrom

Walter Backstrom

It seems sometimes I grew up in a different country than you.

I grew up in a time and place where black people couldn’t vote. It seems times have changed. Sometimes it seems nothing has changed.

When I tell you stories of racism, you look at me in disbelief, trying to understand how could it be.

I remember in elementary school, being black was OK and there was no cost. In junior high school, I began to feel there was a cost, but I didn’t know the price.

My hair was what they called “nappy.” So I bought a product for my hair that was supposed to straighten it — so that I would look more like white people. I used to put a lotion on my face to make it lighter — so that I would look more like white people.

The cost of being black began to appear, and I realized something might be wrong. But in my mind, the jury was still out.

You ask me, how could that be? You tell me you have friends of all colors. You say this whole race thing is crazy.

I am your age now, a teenager, full of ego, not knowing much, seldom right but never in doubt. In high school, the price became painfully clear, and it was enormous. The school I attended was majority white. I guess you can call that experience a slap in the face. I was not prepared for what was to be.

I am walking in a department store, and I am being followed, just like you are. Do you remember having teachers who silently believed you weren’t smart enough? So did I. The difference? My teacher told me I wasn’t good enough. I played sports and was good at it, just like you.

Do you remember being pulled over by the police, telling you that the car you were riding in fit the description of a car involved in a robbery? So do I.

I was a good kid. I listened to my parents sometimes. I was popular with the girls, and I went to church on Sunday, just like you.

I began to wonder, so I asked my parents, what was the deal with all this race stuff? They told me about growing up in the South, and the separate bathrooms: One for whites and one for coloreds. I remember listening, with my eyes wide open and my heart beginning to close. As they told me these stories, my heart pounded. My hands clenched into fists that shook with righteous indignation.

I was mad that I couldn’t protect my parents, who were decent God-fearing people. My face turned away, and I gazed out the window, thinking with righteous indignation, which helped cover up the shock and sadness.

The cost of being black was altered forever. The world was no longer filled with wonder. It brimmed with shame because of my blackness, and there was nothing I could do.

I wanted to do something, but what? I had to present to the world a different face, a different persona that you couldn’t hurt or touch. Underneath that new look was a scared and frightened little boy, wanting the world to be different and be fair to me, my parents and all other black people.

At that moment, the changed occurred, and the cost seemed unbearable.

Where I grew up, the majority of people were black, and they knew the rules. Where I went to school, the majority of people were white — and I knew the rules. Rule number one: Always smile, just like today.

Young man, I am sorry that your father is not around. I can only imagine the pain. I was fortunate to have a dad who taught me how to be a man. I wonder, who did you learn from? Your mother? The streets? The gang? The counselor at the Boys and Girls Club?

In this society, they see you walking around with your pants sagging, with no father to tell you to pull them up. Where is your father, who is supposed to call your teacher about your grades? Where is your father, who tells you to quit listening to that rap music and saying the n-word?

You know, it’s a lonely world out here without dad to protect you and guide you. I want you to know that I pray for you — even the ones who scare me.

You think drugs, fast money and loose women are the answer? It just helps mask the pain. However, in that quiet moment, where you meet you, there is that emptiness. That hole in your soul that can’t be filled by anything earthly. The hole can and must be filled by grace. I know I haven’t told you that I believe in you, but I do. I haven’t told you that I love you, but I do.

I don’t want to bore you anymore because my heart is heavy and my eyes are filled with tears. I can only tell you, as my father told me: Son, do the right thing, even if no one else does.

Do the right thing, you ask me? How will I know?

I say, be still and listen to your heart. I love you dad.

Walter Backstrom can be contacted at wkbackstrom@aim.com

Posted in African American HistoryComments (0)

Hoodies Raid Derby Store


CASH was stolen from a till when three men wearing hooded tops raided a Derby shop.

The shop assistant at the Afro-Caribbean food and fish store, in Upper Dale Road, was pushed out of the way by one of the thieves while another snatched money from the till and the third stood by and watched.

Police are appealing for witnesses to the incident which happened between 5pm and 5.30pm yesterday (17).

Anyone with information is asked to call Derbyshire police on 0345 1233333.

Posted in African History, Caribbean HistoryComments (0)

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